Please find the interesting report of spanish colleagues about the impact of Covid-19 situation on PRM infrastructure in Spain. We appreciate Dr. Marta Supervia Pola from the Gregorio Marañón University Hospital in Madrid to provide this plain abstract and link to the full article.
The COVID-19 pandemic situation has brought a considerable growth on the amount of patients requiring ICU admissions and long-term hospitalization. The present study is aimed at determining whether Rehabilitation Services has been able to reach a sufficient adaptation level, regarding the exponential increase on the demand of Rehab-related services from intensive care patients and inpatients.
Material and methods
Through this cross-sectional research, an online survey was implemented in various Rehabilitation Departments across Spain from December the 22nd, 2020 to February the 12th, 2021. SORECAR (The Spanish Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation Society) was the responsible entity for the design of the survey (ICU Rehabilitation Services Identification). Descriptive statistical analysis was conducted using SPSS.
To address the specific needs and changes arising from the new COVID-19 pandemic situation within Spanish Rehabilitation Departments.
38 hospitals from 18 cities (From a total of 49) participated in the study. The ICUs weekly demand scored 7.84 ± 6,8 Medical Consultation (MC) on average (range: 2-45). The hospitalization average was displayed as 9, 63 ± 6,2 MC/week (range: 2-55). The total worktime dedicated by physicians was 10.38 h/week, from which physiotherapists stood with 25.95 h/week. Only 7 hospitals (16.7%) counted with occupational therapists (OT) (average dedication of 5 h/week). Each Rehab-session lasted 30 min on average.
59.1% (n = 23) of the included hospitals had already implemented a specific post-covid follow-up rehab-consultation, whereas 9.1% (n = 4) of them were planning on implementing it. 64.3% (n = 24) of the surveyed centers implemented specific protocols for COVID-19 patients, while another 7.1% (n = 3) were in development progress. 48.5% (n = 18) of the surveyed centers did not owe its own specific training program within its ICUs and respiratory rehab-areas for the internal medical residents.
The pandemic situation has resulted in a substantial increase on the workload in the Spanish Rehabilitation Services. Most of the hospitals included in the present study had already implemented outpatient follow-up consultations. Rehabilitation in critical patients is an exponentially recurrent topic for this medical specialty that needs to be furtherly addressed in the nearby future.